One of the most overlooked features of your roof is the roof vent. However, if you live in a climate with a lot of heat and moisture, they can play a very significant role in the cooling of your home.
Their basic purpose is to remove hot air and moisture from the home, and specifically, from the attic.
Roof vents come in various sizes and shapes. Moreover, they are often powered differently. Some use wind power, some use solar power and solar panels, and some use electric motors that are powered by your home’s electrical network.
The choice of which type is optimal for your home comes down to a number of factors, including cost and efficiency.
For example, while static vents have no moving parts and use the process of natural convection to remove heat, they are also not nearly as effective as those with a power source.
Below, we’ll look at some of the most popular options for homes. Overall, residential homeowners have a choice of seven ways to cool their roofs and remove heat and moisture:
One of the most common varieties is known as the box vent. As you might be able to tell from the name, the shape of a box vent resembles a box.
Other names for this type include low profile, flat or turtle vent. The box vent is also known as a static vent, because it has no moving parts.
Instead, the box vent is installed over a hole cut out of the roof. It uses the process of natural convection so that hot air and moisture can escape into the surrounding air.
The turtle vent works best if it is installed close to the roof ridge. This is just pure physics: Since the roof ridge is the highest point of your roof, it allows for the optimal exhaust of air and moisture.
However, this flat vent does not offer the same sort of energy efficiency as other roof vents, and as a result it may require the home owner to purchase more flat vents than originally anticipated in order to achieve the necessary cooling and ventilation goals.
Another popular type without any moving parts is known as the ridge vent. In terms of appearance, many have compared the shape of a ridge vent to a book that has been opened up and then placed, face down, on top of the ridge of a roof.
In most cases, the ridge vent will run the entire horizontal length of the roof. If installed optimally by ventilation experts, these ridge vents will blend into the overall roofline – a casual visitor to your home might not even know that they exist!
Ridge vents are most effective when they are combined with a ventilation feature known as a soffit, which is form of under eave venting.
Overall, ridge vents are excellent at evenly distributing heat across the roof. Unlike other ventilation structures which often suffer from the problem of hot zones and cold zones, depending on airflow, the ridge vent is specifically designed for a very even distribution of heat and moisture.
Over the long run, this will help to preserve the value of your roof. You’ll notice fewer effects of roof aging, and you won’t have to worry about any curled up old sections of the roof that appear dissimilar to other sections of the roof.
One important note here is that ridge vents do not increase in power with higher winds, so there are no ventilation advantages from living in a very windy area.
#3: Wind turbine
If you are looking for a more powerful type of vent with moving parts to increase overall airflow, one of the most popular is the wind turbine vent, also known as the whirlybird vent.
In terms of appearance, it looks like a giant chef’s hat. What really separates the wind turbine vent from its competitors, however, is that it is powered by the wind.
There are several factors to keep in mind with this kind of vent. For example, you will need to understand the various components of the spinning mechanism.
For a silent, very efficient turbine, you will want to make sure that you have a mechanism that is using permanently lubricated ball bearings. This helps to reduce the incidence of squeaking noises caused by cheaper models and improves ventilation.
This type of vent is also known as a power attic vent (PAV). As you might surmise from the name, this style relies on a power source to speed up the process of removing heat exhaust from your house.
Motors inside turn large fans, which in turn, help to drive out heat and moisture. You can make this system as sophisticated as you would like. For example, an adjustable thermostat can automatically trigger the power vent to start working. The same is true for an adjustable humidistat.
The one drawback to this model, however, is that it runs on electricity. And electricity – unlike wind power – is not free.
There are two ways to generate this electricity: You can either connect the power vent to your home’s electrical system, or you can add a set of solar panels which will convert the sun’s natural energy into electricity.
On the plus side, power vents run very smoothly and are very quiet. They are so quiet that you might not even know when they are running!
Generally speaking, you should keep an eye on costs, since these power vents are so powerful that they could be pulling conditioned air out of your home while they are drawing heat and moisture away from your roof.
In other words, your home air conditioning could end up working much harder, which will impact costs.
These vents enable
These vents, working together as part of a roof network, can dramatically improve airflow. They are most effective when used together as part of one continuous ridge.
#6: Off ridge
These vents are similar in function to box vents and don’t have any moving parts. However, while box vents are square-like in shape, these off ridge vents are long and thin. They are typically placed over a cut section in the roof near the ridge.
As a rule of thumb, you will need a series of these off ridge vents all working together as part of one exhaust system in order to cool off your roof.
This vent style is primarily decorative in nature, and is simply a more elaborate form of box vent. Cupolas typically sit high atop a roof ridge and help to present an architecturally pleasing opening to a roof cooling structure.
They easily allow hot air and moisture to escape, but are very limited in overall functionality since they do not have any motors, spinning turbines or other moving parts to speed up the process of cooling, exhaust and airflow.
If you live in a residential neighborhood with very strict zoning laws, you should also make sure that the size and shape of the protruding
As a rule of thumb, you will need 1 square foot of vented area for every 300 square feet of attic space if it has a vapor barrier, or 1 square foot of vented area for every 150 square feet of attic space if it does not.
So, for example, if the total roof area in question is 900 square feet, you would typically need at least 3 square feet of vented area. In many cases, you could use soffit vents for additional
The beginning stage of any project, then, is simply figuring out how much area you need to cool, and then coming up with some back-of-the-envelope calculations for how many units are necessary to do the job.
As you can see, each of the above types of roof vents offers a slightly varied approach to the problem of heat and moisture in your house. Roof vents for houses can have moving parts or not.
Moreover, they can come in different shapes, sizes, colors and materials. As a result, the choice of which roof vent style is best for you is really a decision that must be based on factors such as cost, aesthetics and energy efficiency.
In very hot and humid climates, you may need a more powerful roof ventilation system that can work very efficiently to keep your home cool.